Recently, large-scale wildfires swept through ~1000 km2 of Mediterranean Chile, which is a globally threatened biodiversity hotspot. After the fires were controlled, the government planned to restore the native forest on public land. However, most of the fires occurred on private land. Here, we call the Chilean government to promote the restoration of private land using native forest through government compensation to land owners. Mediterranean Chile is particularly sensitive to climate change, and the recent wildfires highlight the need to develop a consistent landscape-scale institutional response to reduce the risk that wildfires pose to people, ecosystem services, and biodiversity in the Mediterranean native forest.
Martinez-Harms MJ, Caceres H, Biggs D, Possingham HP. 2017. After Chile’s fires, reforest private land. Science 356:147-148. http://doi.org/10.1126/science.aan0701.